'''James Madison, Jr.''' (March 16 [Old Style and New Style dates|O.S.
March 5] 1751 – June 28, 1836) was a political theorist, American statesman, and the List of Presidents of the United States|fourth President of the United States
(1809–17). He is hailed as the "Father of the Constitution" for his pivotal role in drafting and promoting the U.S. Constitution
and the United States Bill of Rights|Bill of Rights
Madison inherited his plantation Montpelier (Orange, Virginia)|Montpelier
in Virginia and owned hundreds of slaves
during his lifetime. He served as both a member of the Virginia House of Delegates and as a member of the Continental Congress
prior to the Philadelphia Convention|Constitutional Convention
. After the Convention, he became one of the leaders in the movement to ratify the Constitution, both nationally and in Virginia. His collaboration with Alexander...